Saint Alphonsus of Liguori
Saint Alphonse de Liguori is a contemporary of Saint Léonard de Port-Maurice, he is twenty years his junior. Pius IX declared him “Doctor of the Church and whose authority is unparalleled in moral theology. "
Born September 27, 1696 near Naples, he is the eldest of a family of eight children. Joseph de Liguori, his father, often leaves for long missions at sea. The education of the children thus rests largely on the authority of their mother, Anna. This was very pious: morning prayers, catechism, recitation of the rosary and weekly confession with the fathers of the Oratory . It was with his mother that Alphonse developed a devotion to the Blessed Virgin. Around 1702, Alphonse was then 6 years old, the family moved to Naples to educate the children. Alphonse received many lessons such as Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, Italian, history, mathematics, but also notions of physics, philosophy, art ...
His spiritual formation began at the age of seven by Father Thomas Pagano, member of the Congregation of the Oratory founded by Saint Philippe Néri . It was with him that he made his first communion at the age of 9, and became a member of the Congregation of Young Nobles under the patronage of Saint Joseph, in which he participated in religious, but also playful activities. , in the company of the fathers. He remained a member until 1715.
Saint Alphonsus of Liguori and the Three Ave
Saint Alphonsus de Liguori left us a whole Marian theology gathered in his book Les Gloires de Marie . He writes among other things: “Concerning Ave Maria, may the first practice of this prayer be to say, morning and evening, when getting up and going to bed, three Ave Marias…” and to recommend to priests: “Do not we never tire of inspiring in everyone, devotees and sinners, devotion to the divine Mary, particularly by recommending themselves to the Blessed Virgin, in the morning and in the evening, through Three Hail Marys, so that she may preserve them from mortal sin ".
Saint Alphonsus delights in deepening the mystery of the relationship of the Blessed Virgin to the Three Divine Persons.
At his Institute of the Redemptorists, he introduced the practice of the Three Avedas into the rule. Thus, all the holy figures of the Order have preached and recommended it.